Essential Music Scales Every Guitarist Should Know


Scales are a foundation of all the leading guitar work and actually make it very easy for one to crank out the amazing single-note songs. When people began to learn the guitar scales they unknowingly cross the bridge and began understanding the music theory. This makes them significantly much better guitarist since they began to understand the instrument. It is not too early or late to learn the guitar scales. Here are the essential music scales every guitarist should know.

Major Scale

Understanding the Major Scale, and the way in which other scales relate to it is essential for the proficient guitar playing. The Major Scale features the cheerful, bright tonality to it and is the most significant scale in popular music. The Major Scale created is employing the whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - whole step - half step interval.

Observe the pattern of W-W-W-H-W-W-W-H from root note to root note. Now that you have the pattern of the Major Scale comprehended, it is possible to move to the interval of the scale. The interval of the major scale is 1,2,3,4,5,6,7. C Major is the simplest example because the pattern contains no sharps or flats. In the C Major you have C ( 1 ), D( 2 ), E( 3 ), F( 4 ), G( 5 ), A( 6 ), B( 7 ), C( 8 ). By this here are the examples of the songs that use major scale: Joe Satriani - Starry Night (C major), and Joe Satriani - Rubina (G major).


Natural Minor Scale

The Natural Minor Scale (also known as the Aeolian mode) is one of the most often used scales in modern rock music. The Natural Minor Scale has more of somber, gloomy tonality compared to the Major Scale. To build the Natural Minor Scale, you flatten the 3rd, 6th, and 7th notes of the Major Scale. You use degree 1 2 3 4 5 6 7, C Major C D E F G A B and C Minor C D Eb F G Ab Bb.

Keep in mind that all these minor scales have minor thirds. The minor third is the note that gives the scale its minor tonality. Example of the songs that use the natural minor scale are Gone by Gil Evans, Autumn Leaves by Joseph Kosma and Nature Boy by Eden Ahbez.


Major Pentatonic Scale

The Major Pentatonic scale actually can be found anywhere in the music. By listening to everything from country to rock you can hear the Major Pentatonic. The Major Pentatonic is quite similar to the Minor Pentatonic, but the position of the root note varies between the two.

The Major Pentatonic scale is comprised of 5 notes (hence the -penta prefix), all of these are found in the Major Scale. The Major Pentatonic Scale Formula consists of the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th notes of the Major Scale.

This pattern is also in the 2nd position for the Minor Pentatonic. The big difference is the position of the root note. A tip for training your ear to the Major Pentatonic is to play the matching major chord prior to play the scale. For example, play Major chord, before playing Major Pentatonic Scale (root on the 5th Fret of the 6th string). Example of the songs that uses Major Pentatonic scale are Amazing Grace by John Newton, Sunshine Of Your Love by Cream and Auld Lang Syne by Robert Burns.


Chromatic Scale

The Chromatic Scale is unique in the fact that it uses all 12 tones in the octave. So the A Chromatic would consist of A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#, and then back to A. The Chromatic Scale is a great way to add a unique flavor to your playing. Example of the songs that uses Chromatic scale is Take Me Home, Country Roads by John Denver and Old Man by Neil Young.



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